Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Notification Concerning the Cult of the Beatified, 21 May 1999.


1. The blessed are legitimately called the servants of God, for whom this name was solemnly declared by the Roman Pontiff in the rite of

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beatification, or whose cult by an immemorial custom was confirmed by the Apostolic See.

2. The liturgical cult of the blessed is granted only in those places and ways that are established by law.

3. The diocesan bishop has the authority to request for inclusion in the particular calendar of his diocese a blessed who has a special link to his diocese, e.g., place of origin, long residence, apostolic activity, death, or burial.

4. The supreme moderator of religious institutes has the same authority to request that in the particular calendar of the institute the inclusion of a blessed, who was a member of its religious family or has a special relationship with the institute.

5. The celebration of the blessed is assigned to the day of their birth to heaven. If this date is impeded in the general calendar or the particular calendar by some obligatory celebration, even if it is of a lower grade, it will be assigned to a nearer date that is not similarly impeded, or to a date that has for some other reason a special relationship with the blessed, e.g., the day of ordination or religious profession or transfer of the person’s remains.

6. The celebration of any blessed that is legitimately inscribed in the particular calendar of a diocese or religious family or in the broader territory is observed in the grade of an optional memorial and as an obligatory memorial in the church in which the blessed’s remains are conserved. The grade of feast as a rule is reserved for the calendar of the religious institute founded by the blessed.

7. Lest the calendar of a whole diocese or religious institute be overburdened, care is to be taken that only those blessed be inscribed for their own celebration who have a special importance for the whole diocese or religious institute. Other blessed are to be celebrated only in those places where there is a closer relationship or where their remains are conserved. With even greater reason this norm is valid for the region or country.

8. The liturgical texts for the celebration of the blessed can be taken from the respective common either of the Roman Missal or of the Liturgy of the Hours. The collect, having a special relation with the blessed, is to

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be proper. In the office of readings, the second reading with the responsory will be proposed either from the writings of the blessed or taken from a contemporary witness, otherwise from the writings of the fathers or ecclesiastical writers. Before the lesson will be placed a brief narration of the blessed’s life, which is not to be read in the celebration of the liturgy of the hours. These texts must be presented to the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments by the competent authority before the beatification, and may not be changed without the consent of the Apostolic See.

9. To choose a blessed as the titular of a church, it is necessary to have the previous indult from the Apostolic See, unless the person’s memorial has already been added to the particular calendar. In this case an indult is not required and the veneration of the blessed is celebrated as a feast in the church of which he/she is the titular.

10. According to the norms established by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, a blessed can be chosen as the patron of a place or of an association. However, this choice must be confirmed by the Apostolic See.

11. Where cult has been allowed, the remains or the relics can be presented for the public veneration of the faithful, and images of the blessed can be adorned with a halo.

12. The faculty of having liturgical celebrations in honor of a recently beatified person according to the “Norms for celebrations, which in honor of a blessed, are accustomed to be had at a fitting time after beatification” within a year of the beatification, is to be sought along with the approval of the liturgical texts of the new blessed prior to the beatification.

13. The names of the blessed, who are read in the diocesan calendar or that of a religious institute, can be named in the third eucharistic prayer (Ordo Missæ, no. 114) and in the litany of the saints.

14. For those blessed, who are not listed in the Roman Martyrology and whose public cult has not been decreed or confirmed by the Apostolic See, the decree of the Sacred Congregation of Rites of April 28, 1914 is in force. According to this decree, if in particular places by an immemorial custom

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or public and religious cult, some blessed are honored, it is permitted to keep them in the particular calendar. However, an asterisk or some other sign is to be added to their name, which means that there is not an explicit decree by which they have been formally declared blessed.

Vatican City,

May 21, 1999

Georgius A. Card. MEDINA ESTÉVEZ

Prefect

Marius MARINI

Under Secretary




Prot. No. 1172/99/L, Notitiae 35 (1999): 444-445; W.H. Woestman, Canonization: Theology, History, Process (Ottawa, Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University, 2002): 215-216.