Congregation for Causes of Saints, Regulations, 1999.


Title I. Competence of the Congregation

Art. 1. The Congregation for the Causes of Saints is competent for the whole Church in everything concerning the causes leading to the beatification of servants of God and to the canonization of the beatified. (See PB, art. 71)

Art. 2. The Congregation also treats the granting to saints the title of doctor of the Church after having received the opinion of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith concerning the eminence of the person’s teaching. (See PB, art. 73.)

Art. 3. The Congregation also determines questions concerning the authenticity and preservation of relics. (See PB, art 74)

Title II. Structure of the Congregation

Chapter I. Personnel

1. The Cardinal Prefect

Art. 4. §1. The cardinal prefect governs and directs the dicastery; he oversees all its activity and is its representative in all things.

§2. The cardinal prefect:

1° presides at the plenary and ordinary sessions, and reports to the Supreme Pontiff;

2° presides at the ordinary meetings of the Congregation;

3° having considered their gravity, establishes which questions considered by the Congregation are subject to pontifical secrecy; (see instruction, Secreta continere, February 4, 1974, in AAS, 66 [1974], pp. 89-92, art. 1, no. 10);

4° signs the more important documents, acts, and correspondence;

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5° establishes the list of causes that are to be considered by the consultors and the ordinary session of the Congregation according to the principles set forth in article 70;

6° examines the more important items;

7° having received the nihil obstat of the Secretariat of State hires and appoints the officials and other personnel;

8° grants permissions in conformity with the norm of art. 55 of RGCR;

9° determines the suspension, exoneration, and the termination from offices in conformity with art. 80, §§1 and 2 of RGCR.

2. The Secretary

Art. 5. §1. The secretary with the collaboration of the undersecretary assists the cardinal prefect in directing the personnel and handling the matters pertaining to the Congregation.

§2. The secretary participates, with the right to vote, in the sessions of the cardinals and bishops of the dicastery. (See DPM, 4, nos. 2-3.)

§3. Following the directives of the cardinal prefect and in agreement with him, in addition to the tasks pertaining to him according to art. 26 of the RGCR, the secretary is responsible:

1° for correspondence with the bishops during the course of causes that are referred to the Congregation for advice and information; (see DPM, 4, no. 1.)

2° for drafting the decrees for the heroicity of virtues, for martyrdom and, for miracles, and for immemorial cult.

3. The Undersecretary

Art. 6. The undersecretary in addition to what is specified in the General Regulations for the Roman Curia:

1° is responsible for the examination of the acts of the processes instructed in the dioceses to check whether the norms in force at the time of the instruction of the cause were observed; he will entrust this to an official and will give a report at the ordinary meeting; (see DPM, 13, no. 1.)

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2° presents for the approval of the ordinary meeting the appointment of new postulators;

3° receives new documents for addition to the cause; (see art. 59)

4° convokes the council of experts;

5° participates, without the right to vote, at the sessions of cardinals and bishops, and composes the minutes.

4. The Promotor General of the Faith

Art. 7, §1. The promotor general of the faith or prelate theologian (RGCR, art. 5, §2), responsible for the theological examination of the causes:

1° convokes the special meeting of the theologians, presides over it with the right to vote, and composes the report in conformity with art. 73-78; (see DPM, 10, nos. 1-2)

2° participates without the right to vote in the sessions of the cardinals and bishops; (see DPM, 10, no. 3)

3° in like manner is present at the council of the experts.

§2 Whenever the promotor of faith judges it opportune, he will indicate to the secretary another theologian, who can be named promotor ad casum by the cardinal prefect. (See DPM, 10, in fine.)

5. The Relator General

Art. 8. §1. The relator general (see RGCR, art. 5, §2) presides over the college of relators (see DPM, 6) and coordinates the tasks:

1° convokes and presides over the gatherings in which the relators discuss the problems connected with their office and will inform the cardinal prefect;

2° taking into account the language and the culture from which the cause comes as well as the number of causes and the status of causes already assigned to a particular relator, proposes at the ordinary meeting the relators for the various causes;

3° ordinarily directs the drafting of the position for ancient causes (see art. 50);

4° grants the approval for the printing of the position in conformity with art. 67;

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5° moderates the historical meeting in accord with art. 72, §1 with the right to vote if it is a cause for which he is not the relator, and in collaboration with the relator of the cause composes the report of the session. (See DPM, 9 and 13, no. 3.)

§2. For the accomplishment of these tasks he will take advantage of the collaboration of some of the officials. (See DPM, 9.)

6. The Relators

Art. 9.§1. Working with the postulator, the relators direct the composition of the position of the causes confided to them, (see DPM, 7 and 13, no. 2) and will inform the ordinary meeting when a problem of special importance arises.

§2. Those persons can be appointed relators who possess an appropriate theological, historical, and canonical preparation. They will be chosen in such a way that there is at least one relator for the principal languages in use at the Congregation.

§3. The preparation of the position for miracles will be confided to a relator. (See DPM, 8 and 14, no. 1.)

7. Officials and other Personnel

Art. 10. A fitting number of officials and other persons contribute their work within the Congregation according to what is established in its organizational structure. (See RGCR, art. 6-8.)

8. The Duties of the Personnel

Art. 11. In as much as they participate in the universal mission of the Roman Pontiff, those working in the Congregation perform an ecclesial service to be accomplished in conformity with articles 31-40 of RGCR.

Art. 12. §1. In addition to keeping the pontifical secret and the secrecy of their office, all are bound not to reveal to the postulators, their collaborators, and other persons things that they know in virtue of their work. (See RGCR, art. 36.)

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§2. Only the superiors and officials, who have authorization to do so, may make declarations and interviews relative to the Congregation’s activity. (See RGCR, art. 37.)

§3. In case of a verified violation of §§1 and 2, the procedures of RGCR will be instituted. (See RGCR, Part I, title, X.)

Art. 13. §1 By appointment visitors can be received in the places designated for this purpose.

§2 By appointment the postulators and their collaborators are permitted access to the work rooms. (See RGCR, art. 40, c.)

Art. 14. In addition to the provisions of article 40 of RGCR, the employees of the dicastery cannot act as postulators or external collaborators [of postulators], nor perform work that does not pertain to their work for a cause.

Art. 15. Absence because of illness or another grave cause must be brought to the attention of the secretary.

9. Consultors and Experts

Art. 16. The consultors are appointed by the Holy Father for a term of five years according to the norm of article 12 of RGCR; some are experts in historical matters, other in theology.

Art. 17. §1. There is to be a list of medical experts in the Congregation; they are named for a term of five years for the examination of cures which are proposed as miracles. (DPM, 12.)

§2. Enrollment on the list of physicians and the appointment of the president and of two secretaries are made through a letter from the cardinal prefect once a nihil obstat has been granted by the Secretariat of State.

§3. The president of the council (consulta) is appointed for a term of three years, which can be renewed.

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§4. The two secretaries are named with the recommendation of the president, and they can be renamed at the request of the president.

Art. 18. In particular cases the cardinal prefect appoints others as experts ad casum.

Art. 19. §1. The consultors undertake their position by making the profession of faith and taking the oath to faithfully fulfill their post and to observe secrecy.

§2. The experts and those appointed ad casum in conformity with article 18 will take the oath to faithfully fulfill their post and to observe secrecy.

Chapter II. Collegial Bodies

1. Sessions of the Cardinals and Bishops

Art. 20. The cardinals and bishops who are members of the Congregation are appointed for a term of five years by the Holy Father, and meet normally in ordinary or plenary sessions.

Art. 21. §1. The ordinary sessions of the Congregation examine the position for the virtues, martyrdom, ancient cult, and an alleged miracle.

§2. As a rule they take place on the first and third Tuesday of the month.

Art. 22. §1. In the plenary session special questions of a general nature are considered.

§2. All the members are convoked for such a session.

§3. The plenary session meets according to necessity on a date to be established in agreement with the Secretariat of State. (See RGCR, art. 112, §1.)

Art. 23. The plenary or ordinary session of the members of two or more dicasteries will take place when questions of common interest are to be considered, and this is governed by articles 103-105 of RGCR.

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2. Ordinary Meetings (Congressi)

Art. 24. It pertains to the ordinary meeting (congresso) to examine questions regarding causes and those things connected with them.

Art. 25. §1. The cardinal prefect, the secretary, the undersecretary, the promotor of faith, the relator general, as well as relators and officials convoked, participate in the ordinary meeting.

§2. A research assistant (aiutante di studio) will act as recording secretary.

§3. Normally the ordinary meeting takes place every Friday.

3. Special Meetings and Council (Consulta)

Art. 26. For a special meeting of the theologians moderated by the general promotor of faith, the consultors and the relator for the cause participate for the examination of the virtues, of martyrdom, for confirmation of cult, and for an alleged miracle. (See DPM, 13, no. 4 and 14, no. 2.)

Art. 27. At a meeting of the historical experts, the designated consultors participate; the general relator also participates as chairman along with the relator for the cause. (See DPM, 9 and 13, no. 3.)

Art. 28. The council of experts, composed of the president and four other experts, examine alleged miraculous facts. (See DPM, 14, no. 1.)

Chapter III. Register, Administration, Solidarity Fund, and Archives

1. Register

Art. 29. Every cause is assigned a protocol number under which are registered all the documents regarding the same cause.

Art. 30. Upon arrival and being sent out, all documents must be noted in the appropriate register.

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Art. 31. The postulators will be given a receipt of delivery:

1° of the sealed acts of the diocesan instruction;

2° new documents presented that are relative to the cause; (see Art. 59.)

3° the position.

2. Administration

Art. 32. Income and disbursements are registered in the appropriate book.

Art. 33. The administator:

1° oversees the financial management of the Congregation and the drafting of the financial budget estimating income and expenses. He will present it to the superiors.

2° provides for the levying of the fees for the acts of the Congregation according to the established norms and sees to their collection;

3°transmits periodically the income to the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See;

4° is responsible for order in the Congregation’s premises and calls attention to things that should be done, with appropriate orders.

5° provides for the material necessities of the offices.

3. Solidarity Fund

Art. 34. §1. From the voluntary offerings of benefactors and for various postulancies a financial fund has been established for causes with less financial means. (See NS and art. 45-46 of these Regulations.)

§2. The ordinary meeting will determine the help to be granted upon the request of the postulator.

4. Archives

Art. 35. The acts of the causes and relative documentation will be kept in the archives for which the archivist is responsible.

Art. 36. §1. The officials can consult directly the acts of the cause by giving to the archivist a signed file card in case the acts must be returned.

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§2. The archivist will indicate on the file card the matter that was taken out.

Art. 37. With the previous authorization of the cardinal prefect or of the secretary—in conformity with the norms given by the Vatican Archives—scholars may consult documents in the archives and receive copies, upon which the archivist will stamp Concordat cum originali the ink seal of the dicastery, the date, and his signature.

Art. 38. §1. When the need arises, the archivist will confide to the superiors the list of the acts of the causes which will be transferred for safekeeping to the Vatican Archives.

§2. Such acts, which are the property of the Congregation, will be taken back whenever there is a necessity for the study of a cause.

Art. 39. The archives, as also the register and the cash fund, must be kept with adequate measures of security under the responsibility of the respective officials.

Chapter IV. Postulancies

1. The Postulators: appointment and duties

Art. 40. §1. The postulator is the legitimate representative of the petitioners.

§2. The appointment of a postulator to the Congregation is brought to the attention of the meeting (congresso).

Art. 41. §1. The postulator must be versed in the ecclesiastical sciences and know the practice of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, which has organized a course of studies for the purpose.

§2. While the cause is being handled at the Congregation, the postulator must reside in Rome. (See NS, 2 b.)

Art. 42. With the consent of the petitioners, the postulator can name vice-postulators. (See NS, 4.)

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Art. 43. The postulator and vice-postulator will take the oath prescribed by the current norms. (See CIC, c. 1532; CCEO, c. 1213.)

Art. 44. The postulator has the obligation to keep the accounts of each cause up to date and separate from those of the diocese, religious institute, and from all other bodies, and to give an accounting to the petitioners.

Art. 45. The offerings of the faithful for the causes must be used only for this purpose, unless the Congregation authorizes a different usage.

Art. 46. The postulancies are invited to contribute to the needs of the solidarity fund (See art. 34, §1).

2. Extern Collaborators

Art. 47. §1. With the request of the appointment for a relator for the cause, the postulators will present the name and the curriculum vitae of the collaborator (see art. 60, §1, 2°).

§2. The advocates named to that office before the apostolic constitution Divinus perfectionis Magister will be preferred as extern collaborators.

Art. 48. The extern collaborators are qualified persons enjoying the special preparation for drawing up the relative position, who are presented by the postulator and accepted by the ordinary meeting with the previous consent of the relator. (See DPM, 7, 1;12, 2°).

Art. 49. The extern collaborator will swear not to conceal any lacunae or difficulties that come up during the study of the cause, and to work according to the directives given by the relator.

Title III. The Procedure

Art. 50. The cause is recent if the martyrdom or the virtues of the servant of God can be proved by the depositions of eye witnesses; is ancient when the proofs can be had only from documents. (See NS, 7.)

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Chapter I. First Things to Be Done

1. Granting of the nihil obstat

Art. 51. §1. The diocesan bishop will present at the beginning of the diocesan instruction along with the request for the nihil obstat a report (see NS, 15, c) accompanied with documentation assembled to show that there exists a true reputation of sanctity or of martyrdom and also a reputation of intercessory power. (See DPM,1; NS, 10, 1°.)

§2. Having received the response from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and of other dicasteries, consulted for each cause, the Congregation examines in an ordinary meeting if sufficient elements exist to grant the nihil obstat by the Holy See.

2. Delivery and opening of the acts of the diocesan instruction

Art. 52. After two copies of the acts of the diocesan instruction have been delivered and registered in regular fashion, the Congregation will send a regular receipt. (See NS, 29-31 e 35.)

Art. 53. Upon the request of the postulator, the Congregation will issue a decree of opening the authentic copy of the acts of the diocesan instruction.

Art. 54. Once the aforementioned decree has been issued, one will proceed to the official opening of the acts.

Art. 55. The copy of the acts sent by the bishop (transumptum) remains in the archives of the Congregation; the public copy is given to the postulator.

3. Verification of the validity of the acts

Art. 56. Upon the request of the postulator the public copy is examined to see if the current norms have been observed in the diocesan instruction (see art. 6, 1).

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Art. 57. §1. The result of the examination mentioned in article 56 is presented to the ordinary meeting with a detailed opinion concerning the formal aspects of the acts and the consistence of the proofs—the number and quality of witnesses, the documents assembled, etc.—with reference to the observance of the decrees of Urban VIII super non cultu.

§2. If the cause is ancient, in the same opinion and the related decree of validity, one will state that the position must be examined by the historical meeting (see art. 71).

Art. 58. If everything conforms to the norms, a decree of the validity of the acts will be issued.

Art. 59. In case new public or private documents are produced by the postulator, they must be delivered to the Congregation and examined according to the norms of articles 57-58. If they are recognized as suitable, they will be attached to the procedural acts and used in the relative position. (See CIC, cc. 1539-1566; CCEO, cc. 1220-1227.)

4. Assigning of the relator

Art. 60. §1. Having obtained the decree for the validity of the acts of the diocesan instruction, the postulator will present a request for a relator for the composition of a position on the virtues or on the martyrdom. This will be accompanied with:

1° an exposition of the person of the servant of God, of the importance of the cause, and of eventual difficulties that may come about;

2° the curiculum vitae of the person who will be presented as extern collaborator with detailed reference to the individual’s academic degrees and effective availability to accomplish the work without interruption under the guidance of the relator and to confer with him periodically.

§2. The relator general will propose to the ordinary meeting the relator to whom the cause will be confided (see art. 8, §1, 2°) and in this context he will present:

1° a clarifying note on the person of the servant of God as mentioned in §1, 1°.

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2° the data that surfaced from the file on the communication of the nihil obstat from the Holy See;

3° the eventual decisions of the preceding ordinary meetings and of other groups of the Congregation with reference to the same cause;

4° the indications arising from the study on the validity of the acts of the diocesan instruction;

§3. The relator involved will be present at a session of the ordinary meeting in which his nomination for the cause will be proposed.

§4. The data enumerated in §2 will be communicated along with his appointment to the designated relator.

Art. 61. §1. The designated relator will compose a report regarding the questions involved in the cause—possible obstacles; possible requests for experts and specialized studies; acceptance of the proposed collaborator, etc.

§2. The report will be submitted to the approval of the ordinary meeting and then inserted at the beginning of the position.

Chapter II. Composition of the position

1. On the virtues or on martyrdom

Art. 62. Every position must be finalized by the reaching of moral certitude concerning the response to the doubt (dubium=question) by those voting, i.e., of the consultors and the members of the Congregation. (See CIC, c. 1608; CCEO, c. 1291.)

§2. If the ordinary meeting does not decide otherwise the doubt will be stated:

1° for the virtues: “Whether in the case and for the purpose at issue there is proof of the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity toward God and neighbor as well as proof of the cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude together in a heroic degree as well as a reputation for sanctity?”;

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2° for martyrdom: “Whether the martyrdom and its cause have been proven in this case to the effect which is at issue?”

Art. 63. Generally speaking the position of the virtues of a recent cause must contain:

1° the relator’s presentation and the report mentioned in article 61;

2° the abridged dossier (informatio) constructed on the base of the elements collected in following numbers 3-5.

3° the summary, preceded by the decree of the validity of the acts (see article 58), with the depositions of the witnesses and the documents obtained during the diocesan instruction; other important documents can be attached, whose authenticity has been verified by the Congregation (see article 59);

4° the opinions on the writings of the servant of God;

5° possible reports of experts.

Art. 64. §1. In the position on martyrdom the formal and material elements of martyrdom must be illustrated and proved. An integrated outline of the life of the servant of God will also be presented.

§2. Cases of the martyrdom of several servants of God in different places or at different times must be treated separately.

Art. 65. The position of an ancient cause consists of the following parts:

1° the relator’s presentation;

2° the abridged dossier containing:

a) a biographical outline of the life of the servant of God;

b) the history of the cause, an account of the research and studies performed (archives consulted, manuscripts, etc.) and a general evaluation of the documentation;

c) an account of the virtues or a demonstration of the martyrdom based upon the proofs, along with an exposition of the reputation of sanctity or of martyrdom and of the reputation of intercessory power, with a reference in the margin to material found in the summary;

d) reasons for the relevance of the cause;

3° the summary preceded by the decree of the validity of the acts of the diocesan instruction (see art. 58), which comprises:

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a) documents accompanied by an introduction and explanatory notes;

b) depositions of the witnesses of the diocesan instruction on the reputation of sanctity and the reputation of intercessory power;

c) the opinions on the writings of the servant of God.

4° The report and votes of the meeting of the historical consultors mentioned in article 72, §2.

Art. 66. §1. The rights of the authors, whose studies are published in the position, must be protected.

§2. The separate parts of the position will be signed by the person who composed them and they will be countersigned by the relator, who is juridically responsible.

Art. 67. The general relator will grant the permission to print for the position.

Art. 68. §1. The position will be printed in one of the languages in use at the Congregation.

§2. The translations:

1° can be those made during the diocesan instruction, and in that case they will be guaranteed by the bishop or delegated judge;

2° if the case requires it, they will be made under the responsibility of the relator.

§3. The printing of the position can be made only typographically through a procedure that assures clear legibility and long term preservation.

§4. The postulancy is responsible for the correction of the galleys.

2. Miracles

Art. 69. §1. The position on miracles with the doubt: “Whether in the matter and for the result at issue the martyrdom and its cause have been proven,” will contain the following parts:

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1° a biographical outline of the life of the servant of God or the blessed;

2° the abridged dossier (informatio), containing a critical evaluation of the proofs and of the formal elements of the theological judgment, i.e., a) the scientific inexplicability of the event; b) the singleness of the invocation; c) the essential relationship of cause and effect between the invocation and the event;

3° the chronology of the case and a chronological exposition of the facts with references to the depositions and the documents in the summary;

4° the decree of validity (see article 58);

5° the summary of the acts of the diocesan instruction and of the documents;

6° the legal reports ex officio and possibly those of the party;

7° the reports of the possible previous council meetings, along with the relative documents and rescripts of the dicastery;

8° the report of the council meeting.

§2. To the parts of the position indicated in §1, nos 3 and 5-7, the respective visum et revisum must be affixed.

§3. For the printing of the position on the miracle the things set forth in article 68 will be observed.

Chapter III. Examination of the merit [of the case]

Art. 70. §1. For the examination of each cause by the historical meeting or theological meeting or an ordinary session of the Congregation (see art. 4, §4, 1°), one will take into account the date of the delivery of the position to the Congregation; in some cases the study of causes from particular churches which do not yet have any blessed or saints may be advanced.

§2. When it is a case of a cause for which the acts of the diocesan instruction and documents must be translated, one will take account of the time that it took to make the translation.

A. On the virtues or on martyrdom

1. Historical meeting

Art. 71. For ancient causes and for causes by way of exception, and in those recent causes for which, in the judgment of the general relator, for

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historical reasons, and with the approval of the ordinary meeting (see art. 57. §2), or expressed subsequently, whenever it appears necessary or useful, the position will be submitted to a preliminary evaluation of the historical consultors, who must give a judgment on its scientific seriousness and its adequacy for “the effect which is at issue.” (See DPM, 13, n. 3.)

Art. 72. §1. It is the secretary’s competence to name—upon the proposal of the relator general—the historical consultors for the examination of each position.

§2. The session of the historical consultors is presided over by the relator general, who, in collaboration with the relator of the cause, will compose the report, which will be printed along with the opinions of the consultors and with the necessary clarification of the questions raised by them. (See DPM, 9 and 13, no. 3.)

§3. The relator for the cause will also be present for the session, however, without the right to vote.

2. Theological meeting

Art. 73. §1. The eight theological consultors, proposed by the promotor general of the faith and designated by the secretary of the Congregation, will be called upon to express their opinion on the merit of each cause.

§2. The promotor will send to the consultors along with the transmission of the position a note composed with the aid of an official in which will be indicated the questions to be discussed in a special way at the theological meeting. In case of need, he will request the postulation through the relator of the cause to present in writing opportune explanations. (See DPM, 13, n. 4.)

§3. The position, along with the note mentioned in §2, will be sent to the consultors with the indication of an appropriate period of time for sending their written opinions and the date foreseen for the theological meeting.

Art. 74. §1. The consultors will send to the promotor of faith their respective [written] opinions.

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§2. The promotor general of the faith will also compose his opinion.

Art. 75. Prior to the session of the theological meeting, the opinions of the promotor general of the faith, the consultors, and the possible explanations of the postulation will be sent to all the participants (see art. 73. §2).

Art. 76, §1. The presence of at least two thirds of the consultors, who have been convoked, is required for the validity of the theological meeting.

§2. The relator of the cause will also take part in the meeting. However, he does not have a vote.

§3. The discussion at the theological meeting has as its object the doubt relative to the virtues, martyrdom, or miracle and will consider the points contained in the note by the promotor general of the faith, the possible explanations of the postulation (see art. 73, §2), and also the questions raised by the consultors in the [written] opinions.

Art. 77. The consultors present at the meeting will respond to the doubt concerning the reputation of sanctity and the heroic exercise of virtue or martyrdom and the cause of the martyrdom: affirmative or negative or suspensive.

Art. 78. The promotor general of the faith will write a report on the development of the meeting and the conclusions reached, which together with the opinions of the consultors and the possible explanations of the postulation (see art. 73, §2), will be printed in the “report and votes of the meeting” for submission to the examination of the ordinary session of the Congregation.

3. Ordinary session of the Congregation

Art. 79, §1. At the ordinary session of the cardinals and bishops, who are members of the dicastery, with the secretary who participates with the right to vote, the undersecretary, who acts as recording secretary, and the promotor general of the faith will participate without the right to vote.

§2. The cardinal prefect will refer to the Supreme Pontiff the conclusions and possible observations of the members for a definitive

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decision and for the publication of the decrees on the heroicity of virtues or martyrdom or on the miracle.

B. Miracles

1. Council (Consulta) of the experts

Art. 80. §1. Once the decree of the validity of the diocesan instruction has been issued (see art. 58) the chronology of the case and the summarium of the acts of the allegedly miraculous event, with the visum and the revisum (see art. 69, §2) will be sent to two ex officio experts so that they may independently write their opinion to be communicated to the postulation.

§2. If it is a question of a cure, the ex officio experts will be chosen from among the physicians on the list of the Congregation (see art. 17) or, if ad casum (see art. 18) among other outstanding scholars.

§3. If it is a question of a wonder of a different kind, experts in the particular field will be named for each case (see art. 18).

Art. 81. §1. If at least one of the requested reports of an expert is positive, the case will be examined by the council of experts (see art. 28).

§2. If both of the reports are negative or suspend judgment, the postulation may request that the case be examined by a third expert; if it is favorable, the case will be examined by the council.

Art. 82. §1. The designation of the experts, including ex officio experts, is made by the president in agreement with the secretary.

§2. Individuals who participated in the diocesan instruction as well as those who were consulted by the postulation on the case under examination cannot be chosen as experts.

Art. 83. Possible expert reports [requested by the postulation] must be attached to the documents collected in the diocesan instruction.

Art. 84. §1. Five of the experts convoked with the right to vote must be present for the validity of the session (see art. 28).

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§2. The secretary of the council will also be present without the right to vote; he will draft and sign with the president the minutes of the discussion and the report.

Art. 85. The secretary, the undersecretary, the promotor general of the faith, and the relator mentioned in art. 9, §3 will be present for the council.

2. Theological meeting

Art. 86. §1. Six consultors will be convoked for the theological meeting concerning a miracle.

§2. At least two-thirds of the consultors convoked must be present for the validity of the meeting.

§3. What was established in article 77 is also the norm for alleged miracles and the response of those present for the relative doubt.

3. Ordinary Session of the Congregation

Art. 87. The ordinary session of the Congregation is conducted according to the prescriptions of articles 21 and 79.

C. Promulgation of the Decrees

Art. 88. §1. The decrees mentioned in article 79, §2 will be promulgated in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff during the so called “reading of the decrees” and this will be publicized.

§2. The ponens, relators, postulators, extern collaborators, as well as the bishops and superiors general for their causes may be present for the “reading of the decrees.”

APPENDICES

I. OATH OF FIDELITY AND TO OBSERVE SECRECY OF OFFICE FOR RELATORS

I, N.N., in assuming the office of relator of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, promise that I will always maintain communion with the Catholic Church both in word and in deed.

pg. 1173

pg. 1174
I will carefully and faithfully fulfill the duties of this office which I hold in respect to the universal Church in which I have been called to exercise my ministry according to the norms of law. In fulfilling this office, which has been committed to me in the name of the Church, I will preserve intact the entire deposit of faith and I will faithfully hand it on and make it known; I will therefore avoid all teaching contrary to it.

I will observe and promote the common discipline of the entire Church and the observance of all ecclesiastical laws especially those contained in the Code of Canon Law.

I will promote Christian obedience, which the sacred pastors as authentic teachers and masters declare or as the rulers of the Church establish so that apostolic activity exercised in the name of and by mandate of the Church, be performed in full communion with the Church.

I also pledge, vow, and promise to fulfill diligently the office of consultor that has been committed to me in this Congregation for the Causes of Saints, and to observe religiously the secrecy of office; and at the same time I promise that I will neither seek nor accept presents in remuneration—even offered under the guise of a gift.

So help me God and the Holy Gospels, which I touch.

II. OATH OF FIDELITY AND TO OBSERVE SECRECY OF OFFICE FOR CONSULTORS

I, N.N., in assuming the office of consultor of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, promise that I will always maintain communion with the Catholic Church both in word and in deed.

I will carefully and faithfully fulfill the duties of this office which I hold in respect to the universal Church in which I have been called to exercise my ministry according to the norms of law. In fulfilling this office, which has been committed to me in the name of the Church, I will preserve intact the entire deposit of faith and I will faithfully hand it on and make it known; I will therefore avoid all teaching contrary to it.

I will observe and promote the common discipline of the entire Church and the observance of all ecclesiastical laws and especially those contained in the Code of Canon Law.

pg. 1174

pg. 1175
I will promote Christian obedience, which the sacred pastors as authentic teachers and masters declare or as the rulers of the Church establish so that apostolic activity exercised in the name of and by mandate of the Church, be performed in full communion with the Church.

I also pledge, vow, and promise to fulfill diligently the office of consultor that has been committed to me in this Congregation for the Causes of Saints, and to observe religiously the secrecy of office; and at the same time I promise that I will neither seek nor accept presents in remuneration—even offered under the guise of a gift.

So help me God and the Holy Gospels, which I touch.

III. OATH OF THE EXPERTS FOR THE COUNCIL OF PHYSICIANS (See art. 19, §2)

I the undersigned, with full liberty, and moral and scientific freedom swear, touching these Holy Gospels, that I will fulfill faithfully the position of medical consultant for the examination of the allegedly miraculous cure attributed to the intercession of the servant of God [or blessed], and that I will observe strict secrecy of office.

IV. OATH OF EXTERN COLLABORATORS FOR THE RELATORS (See art. 49)

I, NN., touching the Holy Gospel of God, placed before me, swear and promise that I will faithfully fulfill the office of external collaborator in the Cause _________________________.

I also swear and promise that I will religiously observe secrecy concerning those matters that come to my knowledge through this office.

I then swear and promise that I will not accept gifts of any kind given by reason of the aforementioned office. Thus, I promise and swear and so help me God and these Holy Gospels of God.




W.H. Woestman, Canonization: Theology, History, Process (Ottawa, Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University, 2002): 185-206.